Flight Safety! Have you heard the story of the pilot who used to bid goodbye to passengers after landing stating that it’s the end of their trip’s safest part? This story might by mythical, but that doesn’t prove the fact wrong. Flying is by far the safest mode of transportation and there are several reasons behind it. The primary reason behind this is the elaborate list of safety regulations followed at every step, from designing the aeroplanes to manoeuvring them. The good news for people travelling to our villa in Spain is that the Spanish Aviation Safety and Security Agency ensures that all these regulations are followed by every Spanish airline. Read on to know about different flight safety measures practised today.
Advanced design of aeroplanes
The last five decades have witnessed almost a billion flight hours. This has provided the industry detailed information about the areas where designs of engines and aeroplanes require improvement. For instance, earlier, wings of a plane were designed with a goal of making them as sturdy as possible. However, these days, manufacturers are extremely knowledgeable about the happenings of the real world. This has resulted in serious refinements in the design of aircraft wings; today, wings of an aeroplane are designed for withstanding a series of adverse situations.
Improved cockpit technology
A large number of modern jetliner’s have replaced the mechanical controls of olden days by advanced electronic ones. Examples of planes adopting this new technology include Airbus A380, A340, and A330 and Boeing 787 and 777. This change has made modern pilots managers of information.
The combination of global positioning done using satellites and advanced telecommunication and displays allow pilots to maintain a superior level of precision when manoeuvring an aircraft, something that was unimaginable a few decades back. During the fifties and sixties, every 200,000 flights used to include at least fatal accident. The record has become more than ten times better globally; today, less than one fatal accident takes place in each 2 million flights.
Experts suggest that the factor that has played the biggest role in making this huge change in the rate of aeroplane accidents is the improved standard of devices used in the cockpit. These are devices that issue warning about prospective conflicts with other another aircraft or approaching terrains to ensure that pilots can fight adversities better.
More qualified pilots
It’s true that the cockpits of today’s aeroplanes are better-equipped and help pilots in taking life-saving decisions more easily, but that’s not the only reason why flight safety enjoyed today is almost 100% perfect. As experts often say technology cannot be an alternative for experience, judgement, and skill. At the end of the day, the final decision needs to be taken by pilots. Today, airlines put greater emphasis on appointing qualified pilots. They put in a significant amount of effort for selecting the most skilled professionals for the job and then make them undergo rigorous training.
All the top airlines ensure that the pilots working for them have great communication skills, which automatically make them good leaders and provide them with the ability to work as an integral part of a team.
Another great change the industry has faced in the past couple of decades is that the majority of the renowned airlines of the world have started growing their own pilots. Many of these airlines make pilots complete hundreds of flying hours before allowing them to board a commercial flight.
It has to be admitted that skilled and qualified pilots of the current generation are successfully working to their maximum potential due to the perfectly appointed cockpits they get to operate from. Displays and flight controls of modern-day cockpits have become more compact. Manufacturing companies make these controls undergo frequent testing in order to confirm that they would be providing all necessary information when required. These tests show whether the controls would be easy-to-view and easy-to-manoeuvre during emergencies. As aeroplanes need to fly both during the day and at night, each of its instruments must remain visible under all kinds of light conditions. Good visibility is a must have for this instruments as pilots also need to confirm that the inputs made by them have been received by the system. Experts designing cockpits need to keep these factors in mind when creating the layout of the controls. In fact, there is a reason for the appearance, placement, size, and shape of each switch, light, control, and feature.
Perfectly equipped passenger cabin
You might find it difficult to believe, but it’s true the amount of attention put in for designing the passenger cabin including the area you will be sitting in is equal to the attention put in for designing the cockpit and all its manoeuvrable. That’s because at the end of the day flight safety means the safety of the passengers.
Cramped or capacious, economy or first-class, each aeroplane seat meets stringent standards for head-impact safety and durability. The seats installed in modern-day aircraft are capable of withstanding sixteen times more force than the force of gravity. That’s not all; manufacturers use fire retardant cushions and fabrics for making the seats. Those materials are also self-extinguishing. What’s more, they don’t even release toxic smoke. Additionally, manufacturers test every item at the back of these seats for ensuring that they will not become lethal.
The cabin walls also come equipped with fire retardant insulation. Another promising improvement made to the design of this cabin is the installation of lighting fixtures near the floor. This is done to allow passengers spot exits easily even if the cabin is filled with smoke.
The above-mentioned safety features have ensured that the majority of the commercial flight accidents don’t result in fatalities. You will love this statistic: less that 25 percent of the 301 commercial aircraft accidents taking place during the past decade involved fatalities.
Controlling air traffic has become easier than ever before
While aeroplanes and the pilots operating them remain the stars, the advanced air traffic system working behind the scenes also deserve lots of brownie points. Today, all planes follow GPS to fly along their self-programmed routes; they keep communicating with one another when flying and also stay in constant touch with the people on the ground. This has made flying much safer than the days when maps and calculations done on blackboards (or with pen and paper) used to guide the aeroplanes.
You will also witness significant improvement in the level of safety measures adopted at the airports. For instance, movement detection monitors help pilots and ground staff in keeping an eye on all vehicles positioned at the terminal gate, taxiway, and runway. These monitors issue warnings of prospective collisions way in advance.
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